Burning Bush

Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of Midian. (Called Reuel in Exodus 2)

Moses was forty years old when he left Egypt and the palace of Pharaoh. (Acts 7:23) And he had been in the land of Midian forty years. (Acts 7:30) Now he is eighty years old.

Moses led the flock to the backside of the desert and came to Horeb the mountain of God. And the angel of the Lord appeared to him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush. And he looked, and saw that the bush burned with fire, and yet the bush was not consumed.

Moses: I will now turn aside, and see this great sight, why the bush is not burnt.

And when the Lord saw that he turned aside to see, God called to him out of the midst of the bush.

God: Moses, Moses.

Moses: Here am I.

God: Do not come near here: put off your shoes from off your feet, for the place on which you stand is holy ground. I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.

And Moses hid his face; because he was afraid to look on God.

The Lord: I have seen the affliction of my people which are in Egypt. I have heard their cry by reason of their taskmasters; for I know their sorrows; And I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land to a good land and a large land, to a land flowing with milk and honey; to the place of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites. The cry of the children of Israel is come to me: and I have also seen the oppression with which the Egyptians oppress them. Comes and I will send you to Pharaoh, that you may bring my people, the children of Israel, out of Egypt.

Moses: Who am I, that I should go to Pharaoh, and that I should bring the children of Israel out of Egypt?

God: Certainly I will be with you; and this shall be a token for you, that I have sent you: When you have brought the people out of Egypt, you shall serve God on this mountain.

Moses: When I come to the children of Israel, and shall say to them, The God of your fathers has sent me to you; and they shall say to me, What is his name? What shall I say to them?

God: I Am that I Am: You shall say this to the children of Israel, I Am has sent me to you. You shall say this to the children of Israel, The Lord God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you: this is my name for ever, and this is my memorial to all generations. Go and gather the elders of Israel together, and say to them, The Lord God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, appeared to me, saying, I have surely visited you, and seen that which is done to you in Egypt: And I have said, I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt to the land of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, to a land flowing with milk and honey. And they shall listen to your voice: and you shall come, you and the elders of Israel, to the king of Egypt, and you shall say to him, The Lord God of the Hebrews has met with us: and now let us go, we beseech you, three days’ journey into the wilderness, that we may sacrifice to the Lord our God. And I am sure that the king of Egypt will not let you go, no, not by a mighty hand. And I will stretch out my hand and strike Egypt with all my wonders which I will do in the middle of it. After that he will let you go. And I will give this people favor in the sight of the Egyptians: and when you go, you shall not go empty: But every woman shall borrow of her neighbor, and of her that sojourns in her house, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and garments. And you shall put them on your sons, and on your daughters; and you shall spoil the Egyptians.

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Moses – Adult

Exodus 2:11-25

When Moses was grown, he went out to his brethren and looked on their burdens.

Moses was learned in all the wisdom of the Egyptians and was mighty in words and in deeds. And when he was full forty years old, it came into his heart to visit his brethren the children of Israel. (Acts 7:22-23)

Moses saw an Egyptian striking a Hebrew, one of his brethren. And he looked this way and that way, and when he saw that there was no man, he killed the Egyptian and hid him in the sand.

And when he went out the second day, two men of the Hebrews strove together.

Moses (to him who did the wrong): Why do you strike your fellow?

The Hebrew: Who made you a prince and a judge over us? Do you intend to kill me, as you killed the Egyptian?

Moses was afraid.

Moses (to himself): Surely this thing is known.

When Pharaoh heard what Moses had done, he sought to slay Moses. But Moses fled from the face of Pharaoh, and dwelt in the land of Midian: and he sat down by a well.

Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters: and they came and drew water, and filled the troughs to water their father’s flock. And the shepherds came and drove them away: but Moses stood up and helped them, and watered their flock.

The daughters returned to Reuel their father.

Reuel: How is it that you are come so soon today?

His daughters: An Egyptian delivered us out of the hand of the shepherds, and also drew water enough for us, and watered the flock.

Reuel (to his daughters): And where is he? Why is it that you have left the man? Call him, that he may eat bread.

Moses was content to dwell with Reuel and he gave Moses Zipporah his daughter. And she bore him a son, and he called his name Gershom.

Moses: For I have been a stranger in a strange land.

In time, the king of Egypt died, and the children of Israel sighed by reason of their bondage. They cried, and their cry came up to God by reason of the bondage. And God heard their groaning and remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob. And God looked on the children of Israel, and God had respect for them.

Baby Moses

A man of the house of Levi took to wife a daughter of Levi.

Amram took Jochebed his father’s sister to wife, and she bore him Aaron and Moses. (Exodus 6:20)

And the name of Amram’s wife was Jochebed, the daughter of Levi, whom her mother bore to Levi in Egypt: and she bore to Amram Aaron and Moses, and Miriam their sister. (Numbers 26:59)

Jochebed conceived and bore a son. When she saw him that he was a goodly child, she hid him three months.

By faith Moses, when he was born, was hid three months of his parents, because they saw he was a proper child; and they were not afraid of the king’s commandment. (Hebrews 11:23)

Why did Jochebed hide the baby boy?

Remember Exodus 1 ended with Pharaoh telling all his people, Every Hebrew son that is born you shall cast into the river, and every Hebrew daughter you shall save alive.

When she could no longer hide him, she made for him an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and with pitch (to make it waterproof). She put the child in it, and she laid it in the flags by the river’s brink. And his sister Miriam stood afar off, to know what would be done to him.

The daughter of Pharaoh came down to wash herself at the river, and her maidens walked along by the river’s side. Pharaoh’s daughter saw the ark among the flags and sent her maid to fetch it. When she had opened it, she saw the child, and the babe wept. And she had compassion on him.

Pharaoh’s daughter: This is one of the Hebrews’ children.

Miriam (to Pharaoh’s daughter): Shall I go and call to you a nurse of the Hebrew women, that she may nurse the child for you?

Pharaoh’s daughter (to Miriam): Go.

And Miriam went and called Jochebed.

Pharaoh’s daughter (to Jochebed): Take this child away, and nurse it for me, and I will give you your wages.

Jochebed took her child, and nursed it.

And the child grew, and Jochebed brought him to Pharaoh’s daughter, and he became her son.

And she called his name Moses.

Pharaoh’s daughter: Because I drew him out of the water.

Hebrew Midwives

Exodus 1:15-22

The king of Egypt spoke to the Hebrew midwives, Shiphrah and Puah.

The king of Egypt (to Shiphrah and Puah): When you do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see them on the stools; if the baby is a son, then you shall kill him: but if the baby is a daughter, then she shall live.

But the midwives feared God and did not do as the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the men children alive.

And the king of Egypt called for the midwives.

The king of Egypt (to Shiphrah and Puah): Why have you done this thing, and have saved the men children alive?

Shiphrah and Puah (to Pharaoh): Because the Hebrew women are not as the Egyptian women; for they are lively, and are delivered before the midwives come in to them.

Therefore God dealt well with the midwives. Because the midwives feared God, he made them houses.

And the people multiplied and became very mighty.

Pharaoh instructed all his people.

Pharaoh (to all his people): Every Hebrew son that is born you shall cast into the river, and every Hebrew daughter you shall save alive.

Israel in Bondage in Egypt

Exodus 1:1-14

As the book of Genesis ended, Joseph died at the age of 110. He was embalmed and placed in a coffin in Egypt. The children of Israel promised to take his bones back to the promised land when they went back.

Exodus 1 reminds us that seventy Hebrews, descendants of Jacob, came to Egypt. These included Jacob himself, and Joseph and his two sons who were already there.

The children of Israel were fruitful and multiplied, and increased abundantly, and grew exceedingly mighty; and the land was filled with them.

Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, which did not know Joseph.

The new King of Egypt (to his people): The people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we are. Let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply, and it be that when there fall out any war, and they join also with our enemies and fight against us and go up out of the land.

Therefore they set taskmasters over them to afflict them with their burdens.

They built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and Raamses.

But the more the Egyptians afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew.

And the Egyptians were grieved because of the children of Israel.

And they made the children of Israel serve with rigor. And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in mortar and in brick and in all manner of service in the field. All their service, in which they made them serve, was with rigor.

Slavery of Israelites in Egypt

Exodus 1

As the book of Genesis ended, Joseph died at the age of 110. He was embalmed and placed in a coffin in Egypt. The children of Israel promised to take his bones back to the promised land when they went back.

Exodus begins by reminding us of the names of the sons of Jacob.

These are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt; every man and his household that came with Jacob:

Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin, Dan, and Naphtali, Gad, and Asher.

All the souls that came out of the loins of Jacob and went into Egypt were seventy souls: for Joseph was in Egypt already.

Joseph died, and all his brothers, and all that generation.

The children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them.

Now there arose a new king over Egypt, who did not know Joseph.

The new king of Egypt (to his people): The people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we are. Come on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply and when there fall out any war, they join with our enemies, and fight against us, and so get them up out of the land.

Therefore the Egyptians set taskmasters over the children of Israel to afflict them with their burdens. The children of Israel built treasure cities, Pithom and Raamses, for Pharaoh. But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew. And the Egyptians were grieved because of the children of Israel.

The Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigor. They made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in mortar and in brick and in all manner of service in the field. All their service, in which they made them serve, was with rigor.

The king of Egypt spoke to the Hebrew midwives, Shiphrah and Puah.

The king of Egypt (to Shiphrah and Puah): When you do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see them on the stools; if the baby is a son, then you shall kill him: but if the baby is a daughter, then she shall live.

But the midwives feared God and did not do as the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the men children alive.

And the king of Egypt called for the midwives.

The king of Egypt (to Shiphrah and Puah): Why have you done this thing, and have saved the men children alive?

Shiphrah and Puah (to Pharaoh): Because the Hebrew women are not as the Egyptian women; for they are lively, and are delivered before the midwives come in to them.

Therefore God dealt well with the midwives. Because the midwives feared God, he made them houses.

And the people multiplied and became very mighty.

Pharaoh instructed all his people.

Pharaoh (to all his people): Every Hebrew son that is born you shall cast into the river, and every Hebrew daughter you shall save alive.

The Lord Came to the Tabernacle

Exodus 40

First Day of First Month

The Lord (to Moses): On the first day of the first month you shall:

  • Set up the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation.
  • Put the ark of the testimony in it and cover the ark with the veil.
  • Bring in the table and set in order the things that are to be set in order on it.
  • Bring in the candlestick and light the lamps of it.
  • Set the altar of gold for the incense before the ark of the testimony and put the hanging of the door to the tabernacle.
  • Set the altar of the burnt offering before the door of the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation.
  • Set the laver between the tent of the congregation and the altar, and shalt put water in it.
  • Set up the court round about and hang up the hanging at the court gate.
  • Take the anointing oil, and anoint the tabernacle, and all that is in it, and hallow it and all the vessels of it: and it shall be holy.
  • Anoint the altar of the burnt offering and all his vessels, and sanctify the altar: and it shall be an altar most holy.
  • Anoint the laver and his foot, and sanctify it.
  • Bring Aaron and his sons to the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and wash them with water.
  • Put the holy garments on Aaron and anoint him and sanctify him; that he may minister to me in the priest’s office.
  • Bring his sons and clothe them with coats.
  • Anoint them, as you anointed their father, that they may minister to me in the priest’s office: for their anointing shall surely be an everlasting priesthood throughout their generations.

Moses did according to all that the Lord commanded him.

In the first month in the second year, on the first day of the month, Moses… followed the Lord’s instructions.

…So Moses finished the work.

Because Moses followed God’s instructions, something spectacular happened.

Then a cloud covered the tent of the congregation, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle.

Moses was not able to enter into the tent of the congregation, because the cloud abode on it, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle.

When the cloud was taken up from over the tabernacle, the children of Israel went onward in all their journeys. But if the cloud were not taken up, then they journeyed not till the day that it was taken up.

For the cloud of the Lord was on the tabernacle by day, and fire was on it by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel, throughout all their journeys.

Remember Passover began on the fourteenth day of the first month. The tabernacle would be ready for the sacrifices.

Work on the Tabernacle Complete

Exodus 39


Bezaleel and Aholiab made the holy garments for Aaron; as the Lord commanded Moses in Exodus 28.

He made the ephod… as God instructed in Exodus 28:5-8.

They worked onyx stones enclosed in settings of gold, engraven with the names of the children of Israel. And he put them on the shoulders of the ephod, that they should be stones for a memorial to the children of Israel; as the Lord commanded Moses in Exodus 28:9-14.

They made the breastplate of the ephod… as God instructed in Exodus 28:15-30

And he made the robe of the ephod… as God instructed in Exodus 28:31-35.

And they made coats of fine linen of woven work for Aaron, and for his sons, And a mitre of fine linen, and goodly bonnets of fine linen, and linen breeches of fine twined linen, And a girdle of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet, of needlework; as the Lord commanded Moses in Exodus 28:39-43.

And they made the plate of the holy crown of pure gold, and wrote upon it a writing, like to the engravings of a signet, Holiness to the Lord. And they tied unto it a lace of blue, to fasten it on high upon the mitre; as the Lord commanded Moses in Exodus 28:36-38.

Thus was all the work of the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation finished: and the children of Israel did according to all that the Lord commanded Moses.

And they brought the tabernacle to Moses, the tent, and all his furniture, his clasps, his boards, his bars, and his pillars, and his sockets, And the covering of rams’ skins dyed red, and the covering of badgers’ skins, and the veil of the covering,

The ark of the testimony, and the staves of it, and the mercy seat,

The table, and all the vessels of it, and the shewbread,

The pure candlestick, with the lamps of it, even with the lamps to be set in order, and all the vessels of it, and the oil for light,

And the golden altar,

and the anointing oil,

and the sweet incense,

and the hanging for the tabernacle door

The brasen altar, and his grate of brass, his staves, and all his vessels, the laver and his foot,

The hangings of the court, his pillars, and his sockets, and the hanging for the court gate, his cords, and his pins, and all the vessels of the service of the tabernacle, for the tent of the congregation,

The clothes of service to do service in the holy place, and the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and his sons’ garments, to minister in the priest’s office.

According to all that the Lord commanded Moses, so the children of Israel made all the work.

And Moses looked on all the work, and they had done it as the Lord had commanded, and Moses blessed them.

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