01-Slavery

As the book of Genesis ended, Joseph died at the age of 110. He was embalmed and placed in a coffin in Egypt. The children of Israel promised to take his bones back to the promised land when they went back. 

Exodus begins by reminding us of the names of the sons of Jacob.

These are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt; every man and his household came with Jacob:

Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin, Dan, and Naphtali, Gad, and Asher.

All the souls that came out of the loins of Jacob and went into Egypt were seventy souls: for Joseph was in Egypt already.

Joseph died, and all his brothers, and all that generation.

The children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them.

Now there arose a new king over Egypt, who did not know Joseph.

The new king of Egypt (to his people): The people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we are. Come on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply and when there fall out any war, they join with our enemies, and fight against us, and so get them up out of the land.

Therefore the Egyptians set taskmasters over the children of Israel to afflict them with their burdens. The children of Israel built treasure cities, Pithom and Raamses, for Pharaoh. But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew. And the Egyptians were grieved because of the children of Israel.

The Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigor. They made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in mortar and in brick and in all manner of service in the field. All their service, in which they made them serve, was with rigor.

The king of Egypt spoke to the Hebrew midwives, Shiphrah and Puah.

The king of Egypt (to Shiphrah and Puah): When you do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see them on the stools; if the baby is a son, then you shall kill him: but if the baby is a daughter, then she shall live.

But the midwives feared God and did not do as the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the men children alive.

And the king of Egypt called for the midwives.

The king of Egypt (to Shiphrah and Puah): Why have you done this thing, and have saved the men children alive?

Shiphrah and Puah (to Pharaoh): Because the Hebrew women are not as the Egyptian women; for they are lively, and are delivered before the midwives come in to them.

Therefore God dealt well with the midwives. Because the midwives feared God, he made them houses.

And the people multiplied and became very mighty.

Pharaoh instructed all his people.

Pharaoh (to all his people): Every Hebrew son that is born you shall cast into the river, and every Hebrew daughter you shall save alive.

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