Origin of Passover
The Lord (to Moses and Aaron): This month shall be to you the beginning of months. It shall be the first month of the year to you. Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month every man shall take a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for each house: And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbor next to his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb. Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year. You shall take it out from the sheep or from the goats: And you shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening. And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses in which they shall eat it. And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roasted with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it. Do not eat it raw, nor boiled in water, but roast it with fire; his head with his legs, and with the inner parts. And you shall let none of it remain until the morning; and that which remains of it until the morning you shall burn with fire. And you shall eat it with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and you shall eat it in haste: it is the Lord’s passover. For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will kill all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and I will execute judgment against all the gods of Egypt: I am the Lord. And the blood shall be a token on the houses where you are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not destroy you, when I strike the land of Egypt. And this day shall be to you for a memorial; and you shall keep the feast to the Lord throughout your generations; you shall keep the feast by an ordinance for ever. You shall eat unleavened bread seven days. The first day you shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel. And in the first day there shall be a holy convocation, and in the seventh day there shall be a holy convocation to you; no manner of work shall be done on these two days, except that which must be done by every man to eat, only that may be done by you. And you shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in this same day I have brought your armies out of the land of Egypt: therefore you shall observe this day in your generations by an ordinance for ever. In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread, until the twenty-first day of the month at evening. For seven days there shall be no leaven found in your houses: for whoever eats that which is leavened, that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he is a stranger, or born in the land. You shall eat nothing leavened; in all your habitations you shall eat unleavened bread.
Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel.
Moses: Draw out and take a lamb according to your families and kill the passover. And you shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that is in the basin; and none of you shall go out of the door of his house until the morning. For the Lord will pass through to strike the Egyptians; and when he sees the blood on the lintel, and on the two side posts, the Lord will pass over the door, and will not allow the destroyer to come into your houses to kill you. And you shall observe this thing for an ordinance to you and to your sons for ever. And when you are come to the land which the Lord will give you, according as he has promised, you shall keep this service. And when your children shall say to you, What do you mean by this service? You shall say, It is the sacrifice of the Lord’s passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he struck the Egyptians and delivered our houses. And the people bowed their heads and worshipped. And the children of Israel went away and did as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron.
At midnight the Lord struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of the cattle. And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for there was not a house where there was not one dead.
Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron by night.
Pharaoh: Rise up, and get out from among my people, both you and the children of Israel. Go, serve the Lord, as you have said. Also take your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and be gone; and bless me also.
The Egyptians were urgent with the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste; for they said, We are all dead men.
The children of Israel took their dough before it was leavened. Their kneading troughs were bound up in their clothes on their shoulders. And the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses; they borrowed jewels of silver, jewels of gold and garments from the Egyptians. The Lord gave the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they lent to them such things as they required. And they spoiled the Egyptians.
The children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about 600,000 men on foot, beside children. And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle. And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought out of Egypt, for it was not leavened; because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any food.
Now the children of Israel stayed in Egypt 430 years. And at the end of the 430 years, even the same day all the hosts of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt.
It is a night to be much observed to the Lord for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this is that night of the Lord to be observed of all the children of Israel in their generations.
The Lord (to Moses and Aaron): This is the ordinance of the passover. No stranger shall eat of the passover. But every man’s servant that is bought for money, when you have circumcised him, then he shall eat of it. A foreigner and a hired servant shall not eat of it. In one house it shall be eaten; you shalt not carry out any of the flesh out of the house; neither shall you break a bone of it. All the congregation of Israel shall keep it. And when a stranger shall stay with you temporarily, and desires to keep the passover to the Lord, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat of the passover. One law shall be to him who is home-born and to the stranger who stays temporarily among you.
All the children of Israel did as the Lord commanded Moses and Aaron.
That same day, the Lord brought the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their armies.
The Lord struck the firstborn of Egypt, both of man and beast. He sent tokens and wonders into the middle of you, O Egypt, on Pharaoh and all his servants.