Redeeming the Firstborn
The Lord (to Moses): Sanctify to me all the firstborn, whatever opens the womb among the children of Israel, both of man and of beast: it is mine.
Moses (to the people): Remember this day, in which you came out from Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand the Lord brought you out from this place: there shall no leavened bread be eaten. On this day you came out in the month Abib. When the Lord brings you into the land of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, which he swore to your fathers to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey, you shall keep this service in this month. You shall eat unleavened bread seven days, and in the seventh day there shall be a feast to the Lord. Unleavened bread shall be eaten seven days. No leavened bread shall be seen with you, neither shall there be leaven seen with you in all your quarters. And you shall show your son in that day, saying, This is done because of that which the Lord did to me when I came out of Egypt. And it shall be for a sign to you on your hand, and for a memorial between your eyes, that the Lord’s law may be in your mouth: for with a strong hand the Lord has brought you out of Egypt. You shall therefore keep this ordinance in his season from year to year. And it shall be when the Lord shall bring you into the land of the Canaanites and shall give it to you, that you shall set apart for the Lord all that opens the matrix, and every firstling that comes out of a beast which you have. The males shall be the Lord’s. And every firstling of a donkey you shall redeem with a lamb; and if you will not redeem it, then you shall break his neck: and you shall redeem all the firstborn of man among your children. When your son asks you in time to come, saying, What is this? You shall say to him, The Lord brought us out from Egypt, from the house of bondage, by the strength of his hand. And when Pharaoh would not let us go, the Lord killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man, and the firstborn of beast: therefore I sacrifice to the Lord all that open the matrix, being males; but I redeem all the firstborn of my children. And it shall be for a token on your hand, and for frontlets between your eyes: for by strength of hand the Lord brought us out of Egypt.
When Pharaoh had let the people go, God led them not through the land of the Philistines, although that was near; for God said, Lest perhaps the people change their minds when they see war, and they return to Egypt: But God led the people about, through the way of the wilderness of the Red sea: and the children of Israel went up “in orderly ranks” (NKJV) out of the land of Egypt.
And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him: for Joseph had straitly sworn the children of Israel, saying, God will surely visit you; and you shall carry up my bones away from here with you.
And they took their journey from Succoth and encamped in Etham in the edge of the wilderness.
And the Lord went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night. The Lord did not take took away the pillar of the cloud by day, nor the pillar of fire by night, from before the people.
Note: In God’s complete provision, he led the children of Israel “by day in a pillar of a cloud,” which would have shaded them from the heat of the sun. And he led them “by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light.” And it would also provide heat against the cooler nighttime temperatures.