Crossing the Red Sea
The Lord (to Moses): Speak to the children of Israel, that they turn and encamp before Pihahiroth, between Migdol and the sea, over against Baalzephon: you shall encamp before it by the sea. For Pharaoh will say of the children of Israel, They are entangled in the land, the wilderness has shut them in. And I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, that he shall follow after them; and I will be honored upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host; that the Egyptians may know that I am the Lord.
And they did so.
The king of Egypt was told that the people fled: and the heart of Pharaoh and of his servants was turned against the people.
Pharaoh and his servants: Why have we done this, that we have let Israel go from serving us?
Pharaoh made ready his chariot, and took his people with him: And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.
And the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued after the children of Israel: and the children of Israel went out with an high hand. But the Egyptians pursued after them, all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, and his horsemen, and his army, and overtook them encamping by the sea, beside Pihahiroth, before Baalzephon.
And when Pharaoh drew near, the children of Israel lifted up their eyes. The Egyptians marched after them; and they were afraid: and the children of Israel cried out to the Lord.
Children of Israel (to Moses): Have you taken us away to die in the wilderness because there were no graves in Egypt? Why have you dealt this way with us, to carry us forth out of Egypt? Is not this the word that we did tell thee in Egypt, saying, Let us alone, that we may serve the Egyptians? For it had been better for us to serve the Egyptians, than that we should die in the wilderness.
Moses: Fear not, stand still, and see the salvation of the Lord, which he will show to you today: for the Egyptians whom you have seen today, you shall see them again no more for ever. The Lord shall fight for you, and you shall hold your peace.
The Lord (to Moses): Why do you cry out to me? speak to the children of Israel, that they go forward: But lift up your rod, and stretch out your hand over the sea, and divide it: and the children of Israel shall go on dry ground through the middle of the sea. And I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall follow the children of Israel.: and I will get honor through Pharaoh, all his host, his chariots and his horsemen. And the Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord, when I have gotten honor through Pharaoh, his chariots and his horsemen.
The angel of God, which went in front of the camp of Israel, moved and went behind them; and the pillar of the cloud went from before their face, and stood behind them. And the pillar of the cloud came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel; and it was a cloud and darkness to the Egyptians, but it gave light by night to the children of Israel: so that the Egyptians did not come near the other all the night.
And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the Lord caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided. And the children of Israel went into the middle of the sea upon the dry ground: and the waters were a wall to them on their right hand and on their left.
The Egyptians pursued, and went in after them to the middle of the sea, even all Pharaoh’s horses, his chariots, and his horsemen. And in the morning watch, the Lord looked to the host of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and of the cloud. And he troubled the host of the Egyptians and took off their chariot wheels, so that they drove them heavily:
The Egyptians: Let us flee from the face of Israel; because the Lord fights for them against us.
The Lord (to Moses): Stretch out your hand over the sea, that the waters may come again on the Egyptians, their chariots and their horsemen.
Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to strength when the morning appeared; and the Egyptians fled against it; and the Lord overthrew the Egyptians in the middle of the sea. And the waters returned, and covered the chariots, and the horsemen, and all the host of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them; there remained not so much as one of them.
But the children of Israel walked on dry land in the middle of the sea; and the waters were a wall to them on their right hand and on their left.
In this way, the Lord saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians. And Israel saw the Egyptians dead on the sea shore. And Israel saw that great work which the Lord did to the Egyptians. The people feared the Lord and believed the Lord and his servant Moses.