Exodus 16

Manna From Heaven 

On the fifteenth day of the second month after they departed out of the land of Egypt.

Moses and the children of Israel took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came to the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai.

And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness.

The children of Israel (to Moses and Aaron): Would to God we had died by the hand of the Lord in the land of Egypt, when we sat by pots of meat and ate bread until we were full; for you have brought us out into this wilderness to kill this whole assembly with hunger.

The Lord (to Moses): Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a certain amount every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in my law or not. On the sixth day they shall prepare that which they bring in; and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily.

Note: On the sixth day, they gathered enough for the seventh day also. The seventh day was the Sabbath and they were to rest and do no work on the Sabbath.

Moses and Aaron (to all the children of Israel): At evening, then you shall know that the Lord has brought you out from the land of Egypt. And in the morning, then you shall see the glory of the Lord; for he hears your murmurings against the Lord: and what are we, that you murmur against us?

Moses: This shall be, when the Lord shall give you in the evening flesh to eat, and in the morning bread to the full; for that the Lord hears your murmurings which you murmur against him: and what are we? Your murmurings are not against us, but against the Lord.

Moses (to Aaron): Say to all the congregation of the children of Israel, Come near before the Lord: for he has heard your murmurings.

And as Aaron spoke to the whole congregation of the children of Israel, they looked toward the wilderness, and, behold, the glory of the Lord appeared in the cloud.

The Lord (to Moses): I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel. Speak to them, saying, At evening you shall eat flesh, and in the morning you shall be filled with bread; and you shall know that I am the Lord your God.

And at evening the quails came up and covered the camp, and in the morning the dew lay round about the host. And when the dew that lay was gone up, behold, upon the face of the wilderness there lay a small round thing, as small as the hoar frost on the ground. And when the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another, It is manna: for they did not know what it was.

Moses: This is the bread which the Lord has given you to eat. This is the thing which the Lord has commanded, Every man gather of it according to his eating, an omer for every man, according to the number of your persons. Now an omer is one-tenth of an ephah. (An ephah is about a bushel.) Every man shall take for them whose who are in his tents.

And the children of Israel did so, and gathered, some more, some less. And when they did measured it with an omer, he that gathered much had nothing over, and he that gathered little had no lack. They gathered every man according to his eating.

Moses: Let no man leave of it till the morning.

Notwithstanding they did not listen to Moses; but some of them left of it until the morning, and it bred worms, and stank: and Moses was angry with them. And they gathered it every morning, every man according to his eating: and when the sun waxed hot, it melted.

On the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for one man: and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses.

Moses (to the rulers of the congregation): This is that which the Lord has said, Tomorrow is the rest of the holy sabbath to the Lord: bake that which you will bake today, and seethe that which you will seethe; and that which remains over lay up for you to be kept until the morning.

And they laid it up till the morning, as Moses instructed: and it did not stink, neither was there any worm in it.

Moses said, Eat that today; for to day is a sabbath of the Lord: today you shall not find it in the field. Six days you shall gather it; but on the seventh day, which is the sabbath, in it there shall be none.

Some of the people went out on the seventh day to gather, and they found none.

The Lord (to Moses): How long do you refuse to keep my commandments and my laws? The Lord has given you the sabbath, therefore on the sixth day he gives you the bread of two days. Every man stay in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.

So the people rested on the seventh day.

The house of Israel called the name of it Manna. It was like coriander seed, white; and it tasted like wafers made with honey.

Moses: This is the thing which the Lord commands. Fill an omer of it to be kept for your generations; that they may see the bread with which I have fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you forth from the land of Egypt.

Moses (to Aaron): Take a pot, and put an omer full of manna in it, and lay it up before the Lord, to be kept for your generations.

As the Lord commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it up before the Testimony, to be kept.

And the children of Israel ate manna forty years, until they came to a land inhabited; they ate manna, until they came to the borders of the land of Canaan.

Note: In providing manna, God literally required the children of Israel to depend on Him for their daily bread. They couldn’t take extra manna and store it up for the future. Any manna left until the next day rotted. (vs 19-20) But God made provision for the Sabbath. The manna kept over for the Sabbath did not rot. (vs 5,22) God provided for observance of the Sabbath. The children of Israel prepared the food the day before so they didn’t have to work on the Sabbath. (vs 23)

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