Exodus 22

God’s Justice 

• If a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep, and kills it, or sells it; he shall restore five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.

• If a thief is found breaking in, and is struck that he die, there shall no blood be shed for him. If the sun be risen upon him, there shall be blood shed for him; for he should make full restitution; if he has nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft. If the theft is certainly found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep; he shall restore double.

• If a man shall cause a field or vineyard to be eaten, and shall put in his beast, and shall feed in another man’s field; of the best of his own field, and of the best of his own vineyard, shall he make restitution.

• If fire breaks out, and catches in thorns, so that the stacks of corn, or the standing corn, or the field, be consumed with it; he that kindled the fire shall surely make restitution.

• If a man shall deliver to his neighbor money or stuff to keep, and it is stolen out of the man’s house; if the thief is found, let him pay double. If the thief is not found, then the master of the house shall be brought to the judges, to see whether he has put his hand to his neighbor’s goods. For all manner of trespass, whether it be for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, or for any manner of lost thing, which another challenges to be his, the cause of both parties shall come before the judges; and whom the judges shall condemn, he shall pay double to his neighbor.

• If a man deliver to his neighbor an ass, or an ox, or a sheep, or any beast, to keep; and it die, or is hurt, or driven away, no man seeing it: Then shall an oath of the Lord be between them both, that he has not put his hand to his neighbor’s goods; and the owner of it shall accept thereof, and he shall not make it good. And if it be stolen from him, he shall make restitution to the owner of it. If it is torn in pieces (by a wild animal, for example a wolf), then let him bring it for witness, and he shall not make good that which was torn.

• If a man borrow anything of his neighbor, and it is hurt, or die, the owner of it being not with it, he shall surely make it good. But if the owner of it is with it, he shall not make it good: if it is a hired thing, it came for his hire.

• If a man entice a maid that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely endow her to be his wife. If her father utterly refuses to give her to him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins.

• You shall not suffer a witch to live.

• Whoever lies with a beast (sexually) shall surely be put to death.

• He that sacrifices to any god, save to the Lord only, he shall be utterly destroyed.

• You shall neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him: for you were strangers in the land of Egypt.

• You shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child. If you afflict them in any wise, and they cry at all to me, I will surely hear their cry; And my wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you with the sword; and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.

• If you lend money to any of my people that are poor by you, you shall not be to him as a moneylender, neither shall you lay interest on him.

• If you at all take your neighbor’s garment as a pledge, you shall deliver it to him by the time the sun goes down: For that garment is his only covering, it is his garment for his skin: wherein shall he sleep? and it shall come to pass, when he cries out to me, that I will hear; for I am gracious.

• You shall not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of your people.

• You shall not delay to offer the first of your ripe fruits, and of your liquors: the firstborn of your sons you shall give to me. Likewise shall you do with your oxen, and with your sheep: seven days it shall be with his dam; on the eighth day you shall give it to me.

• You shall be holy men to me: neither shall you eat any flesh that is torn of beasts in the field; you shall cast it to the dogs.


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